Coughing in children:

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Coughing is the body's way of keeping bacteria away from the lungs, so suppressing a cough is not a good idea.

Isn't medicine the best medicine?
When your child has a severe cough, it is natural to take steps to relieve a sore throat, prevent a painful cough, and improve your child's overall health. I guess that's what I want to do.
In fact, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends not giving cold and cough medicines to children under 4 years of age. Instead, the advice is to let the disease go its own way and wait for it.
We generally don't recommend over-the-counter cough medicines for children because side effects, such as sedation, irritability, and behavior changes, tend to outweigh any potential benefit.

What should I use instead of medicine?
In the absence of medication, most pediatricians recommend supportive care to help children with seasonal coughs and other cold symptoms.
Since coughs and sore throats are caused by post-nasal drips, the first step is to clean your child's sinuses. Top treatments include:
Salty nasal drops or sprays: Salty helps to clear the nasal cavity of icky things that cause cough. It also helps moisturize the nasal passages, which can reduce sore throats.
Nasal congestion: For babies who can't blow their own nose, nasal congestion can help you clear their nasal passages so they can breathe more easily. This process removes excess mucus from the stuffy parts of the nose and in this process helps to eliminate the irritation of cough.
Support your baby's head: When babies lie flat, mucus can build up in the bones, where it can block the nasal passages and interfere with restful sleep. You can help reduce the pressure by supporting your baby's head with a pillow to reduce blood flow to the nose.
When to see a pediatrician.
Most children's coughs go away without treatment. But there are cases where you have to be more careful.
So if the cough or cold gets worse instead of better, especially with a fever that comes later in the illness, the child should see a doctor to make sure they are not spreading the bacterial infection.
Other symptoms that guarantee a pediatrician:
Seal-like barking cough: This signature sound may indicate a specific virus called a croup, which can be especially dangerous for young children.
Difficulty breathing: If your child has difficulty breathing, or if he is using his stomach to breathe, call a doctor right away.
Wheezing: Wheezing is common, especially in young children, and it often sounds like a whistle when exhaling.
Severe Anxiety: A child who is not talking to you, or who is lazy and not hungry, should see a doctor.