Peas are cultivated for vegetable crops. It is a high-yielding crop in a short time, also called a commercial pulse crop. Rhizobium bacteria are present in peas, which helps make the land fertile, so peas are also cultivated to make the land productive. Peas can be dried and used as fresh green for a long time. Peas contain various nutrients, proteins, phosphorus, vitamins and sufficient amounts of iron. Therefore, the consumption of peas is very beneficial for the human body.
Peas are specially used for cooking as a vegetable. It is a dicot plant whose length is about one meter. The grains on its plants come out in the pods. Peas are cultivated in India to sell beans in raw form after cooking them so the farmer’s brother can earn more profit.
Soil, Climate & Temperature
Peas can be cultivated in any fertile soil. But higher yields can be obtained by developing peas in a deep loamy soil. Apart from this, land with alkaline quality is not considered suitable for cultivating peas. The P.H. of the land in its cultivation. The value should be between 6 and 7.5 and for sowing seeds Eicher 380 tractor model is best because it gives excellent performance.
The temperate and tropical climate is considered suitable for the cultivation of peas. It is cultivated in India during the Rabi season. Because its plants grow well in cold temperatures, it easily tolerates the frost that falls in winter. Pea plants can tolerate a minimum of 5 degrees and a maximum of 25 degrees.
The friable soil is considered suitable for cultivating peas, so the field is first ploughed deeply to make the earth friable. Due to this, the remains of the old crop in the area are destroyed. After pressing the field, it is left open for some time, due to which the field’s soil gets sunlight properly.
Then this, the field is ploughed, due to which the manure of cow dung is mixed correctly in the area’s soil. After this, the field is pulverised by applying water. When the ground of the field starts appearing dry from above, the area is pressed again using a rotavator, due to which the field’s soil becomes friable. After the ground becomes friable, level the field with a pat. There is no water logging in flat areas.
Pea seeds are planted in the form of sources. About 80 to 100 kg of seeds are required in one hectare of field. Before planting these seeds in the area, they are treated with appropriate Rhizobium. The drilling method is considered most suitable for transplanting pea seeds. Pea seeds are planted early and late at different times, depending on the variety. October to November is considered most suitable for transplanting early varieties, while the source is produced at the end of November for late types.
Pea Plants Irrigation
Pea seeds need moist land, and for this, the plant is transplanted immediately after planting the seed. Its seeds germinate well in moist soil. After the first irrigation of pea plants, the second irrigation is to be done at an interval of 15 to 20 days, and the subsequent irrigation is done after 20 days. And for irrigation purposes the Mahindra 265 tractor model is efficient as it comes in a valuable price range.
Weed Control on Pea Plants
The chemical method is used for weed control on pea plants. After planting the seed, the appropriate amount of linuron has to be sprayed in the field. Apart from this, if you want to use a natural method, you have to remove weeds by hoeing the plants about 25 days after sowing the seeds. Its plants need only two to three hoeing, and each hoeing must be done within 15 days.
Pea Harvesting, Yield and Benefits
Pea plants are ready for harvesting 130 to 140 days after seed sowing. After harvesting the plants, they are dried, after which the dried grains are removed from the beans. The machine can also be used to remove the grains. The market price of peas is two to three thousand rupees per hectare, so farmers can earn a good profit by making 50 to 70 thousand rupees from their one-time crop.
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